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James Frederick Wiltshaw and the brothers James Alcock Robinson & William Herbert Robinson established the company Wilshaw & Robinson in 1890 and shortly after began production in the Carlton Works which were on Copeland Street in Stoke on Trent. The early production of this fledgling firm was branded with the W&R Swallow maker’s mark. This mark was in use until 1894 when it was replaced by the W&R Carlton Ware (Crown) mark. This mark was in use with just a couple of minor variations until 1927 when it was superceded in favor of the Carlton Ware script mark. This page and its sub pages cover the patterns first produced under the Swallow and the W&R maker’s marks.

W&R Blush Ware Introduction
One can only imagine the enthusiasm with which the Robinson brothers and James Wiltshaw began the new venture. I am sure the W&R partners hit the ground running. Raw material would have had to of been procured; coal, clay, glaze and gas for the lighting; to name the most obvious. Staff would have needed to have been organized and of course there would have been financial commitments that had to be met. The partners would have been experienced in the industry and they had taken over the Carlton Works so some infrastructure would have been in place. I believe that they already had some patterns and moulds or some had come with the Works as original patterns and shapes are slow to produce and the fledgling W&R company would have needed turn over ASAP.

 W&R Swallow & Crown Marks - 1894 to 1927

The Introduction page lays out why I have decided to catalogue the patterns of the 1890 to 1916 era in alphabetical order and not numerical order as determine by pattern number as I have with the W&R and Carlton Ware pattern introduced from 1916. From this point there are two ways to enter each page; either click on the page title, in this case (W&R Blush Ware Introduction), or the More... tab below.

 
W&R Blush Ware Patterns A to E

In 1890 Queen Victoria’s Britain was truly great; in fact Great Britain’s influence was at its zenith. The sun never set on the British Empire. It was the largest empire in the history of man. Britannia ruled the seas, a forth of the worlds land and its people. Queen Victoria had come to the throne in 1837. Between 1837 and the formation of W&R in 1890 Queen Victoria had reigned over the period of Britain’s greatest expansion. Her one true love and husband Prince Albert died of typhoid on the 14th December 1861 and the great Queen would morn him until her own death in 1901. 1890 Britain was conservative and the ruling class was fabulously rich.

W&R Carlton Ware Putti

W&R Blush Ware Putti (Circa 1894)

This page is the home of the Wiltshaw & Robinson's Blush Ware and Flow Blue patterns whose names fall alphabetically between "A" and "E" inclusive......

 
W&R Blush Ware Patterns F to N

Where Great Britain’s aristocracy were fabulously wealthy, its working class (approx. 80% of the population) where bitterly poor. Pottery and China production is labor intensive so the one thing critical to the success of the Staffordshire potteries was a cheap skilled work force. The streets of Staffordshire were paved with gold, but not for those who toiled in the works and pot banks. Twenty five percent of the population lived at or below subsistence level; ten percent of these were considered to be very poor and could not afford enough food. The six towns that make up Stoke on Trent where polluted by thousands of bottle kilns; each of which was fired twice a week with up to 3 ton of coal. The workers lived cheek by jowl in appalling conditions; many shared outdoor toilets that had no running water. The average life expectancy in 1890 was less than 50.  

Rare Veriations Of Carlton Ware Makers Marks

This page is the home of the Wiltshaw & Robinson's Blush Ware and Flow Blue patterns whose names fall alphbetically between "F" and "N" inclusive......

 
W&R Blush Ware Patterns O to R

The Art Nouveau era was born 1890, which was the year that Wiltshaw & Robinson was founded, so it stands to reason that some of W&R patterns are the epitome of Art Nouveau movement.

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This page is the home of the Wiltshaw & Robinson's Blush Ware and Flow Blue patterns whose names fall alphbetically between "O" and "R" inclusive......

 
W&R Blush Ware Patterns S to Z

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This page is the home of the Wiltshaw & Robinson's Blush Ware and Flow Blue patterns whose names fall alphbetically between "S" and "Z" inclusive......